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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Jobes Relocation Test orthopaedic tests Jun 10, 2023

Jobe's Relocation Test is a physical examination maneuver used to evaluate anterior instability of the glenohumeral joint. This test is used to determine if the patient's symptoms of pain and/or apprehension with anterior shoulder motion are due to instability of the joint.

Here's a step-by-step...

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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Inferior Sulcus Test orthopaedic tests Jun 10, 2023

The Inferior Sulcus Test is used to assess the glenohumeral joint for inferior instability. Here are the steps to perform the test:

  1. Position the patient standing or sitting with their arm at their side.
  2. Grasp the patient's elbow with one hand and their wrist with the other hand.
  3. Apply a downward...
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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Kim Test orthopaedic tests Jun 10, 2023

The Kim Test, also known as the posterior slide test, is a physical examination technique used to detect posteroinferior labral lesions in the shoulder.

Procedure:

  1. Ask the patient to sit or stand with the affected arm abducted to 90 degrees and the elbow flexed to 90 degrees.
  2. Stand behind the...
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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Infraspinatus Test orthopaedic tests Jun 10, 2023

The infraspinatus muscle is one of the four muscles that make up the rotator cuff in the shoulder. It is responsible for externally rotating the shoulder and stabilizing the humeral head in the glenoid fossa.

The infraspinatus test is a physical examination technique used to assess the function...

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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Internal Rotation Lag Sign orthopaedic tests Jun 10, 2023

The internal rotation lag sign is a clinical test used to assess the integrity of the subscapularis muscle and tendon, which is one of the four muscles of the rotator cuff. The subscapularis muscle is responsible for internal rotation of the shoulder joint.

Procedure:

  1. Ask the patient to sit or...
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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Empty Can Test orthopaedic tests Jun 09, 2023

The Empty Can Test is a physical examination technique used to assess the function of the supraspinatus muscle and supraspinatus tendon in the shoulder. It is primarily used to identify lesions or tears in these structures.

Procedure:

  1. Ask the patient to stand with their arms at their sides.
  2. ...
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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Hawkins / Kennedy Impingement Test orthopaedic tests Jun 09, 2023

The Hawkins-Kennedy impingement test is a clinical test used to identify possible subacromial impingement syndrome, which occurs when there is compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the acromion and the humeral head. Here's how the test is performed:

  1. The patient is...
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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Gerbers Test orthopaedic tests Jun 09, 2023

Gerber's test, also known as the Lift-Off Test (LOT), is a simple and quick way to assess the integrity of the rotator cuff tendons. The test involves passively lifting the arm of the patient, thereby taking the tension off the rotator cuff tendons.

Here's a step-by-step procedure to perform...

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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Hara Test orthopaedic tests Jun 09, 2023

The Hara test is a functional assessment tool used to identify abnormalities in the kinetic chain of the upper extremity. It involves evaluating the coordination and movement patterns of the shoulder, scapula, and arm during a specific movement. Here is a step-by-step procedure for performing the...

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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Hornblower's Sign orthopaedic tests Jun 09, 2023

Hornblower's sign is a clinical test used to assess for a teres minor muscle tear or pathology. 

Here's how the test is performed:

  1. The patient is positioned in a prone position (lying face down) with the arm in 90 degrees of abduction and the elbow flexed to 90 degrees.
  2. The examiner...
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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Full Can Test orthopaedic tests Jun 09, 2023

The Full Can Test is another clinical test that is commonly used to assess the function of the supraspinatus muscle. Here is a step-by-step procedure for performing the Full Can Test:

  1. Ask the patient to stand or sit upright, with the arms at the sides.
  2. Instruct the patient to elevate both arms...
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Shoulder Orthopaedic Test: Biceps Load II Test orthopaedic tests Jun 08, 2023

The Biceps Load II test is a clinical exam that is used to detect Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior (SLAP) lesions in the shoulder. Here are the steps to perform the test:

  1. The patient lies on their back on an examination table with their arm abducted to 90 degrees and elbow flexed to 90...
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