Balance and Proprioception: Single-Leg Balance with Head Rotation

balance and proprioception Jan 29, 2024

The Single-Leg Balance with Head Rotation is an exercise commonly used in physical therapy, rehabilitation, and fitness training. It involves standing on one leg while rotating your head and neck in different directions. This exercise helps improve balance, stability, and coordination while also challenging your proprioception (awareness of your body's position in space) and core strength.

Here's how to perform the Single-Leg Balance with Head Rotation:

  1. Instruct the client to remove their shoes and socks, then have them adopt an upright standing position.
  2. Once set, while hitting start on the Measurz app timer, instruct the client to raise one foot and commence rotating their head from side to side for as long as possible, until they can no longer balance or rotate their head. 
  3. Once completed, hit stop on the Measurz app timer. Record the end result and compare it to the other side.

This exercise can be modified to suit your fitness level. If you find it challenging to balance on one leg, you can start with a slight knee bend or hold onto a stable surface for support until you build up your balance and strength. As you progress, you can make the exercise more challenging by closing your eyes while performing the head rotations, which further challenges your balance and proprioception.

The Single-Leg Balance with Head Rotation is a great addition to a well-rounded exercise routine, and it can help prevent falls, improve posture, and enhance overall functional fitness. It's also commonly used in sports training to improve agility and stability.



  • Allum, J. H. J., et al. "The control of head movements during human balance corrections." Journal of Vestibular Research 7.2-3 (1997): 189-218.
  • Barberini, C. L., and J. M. Macpherson. "Effect of head position on postural orientation and equilibrium." Experimental brain research 122 (1998): 175-184.
  • Keshner, E. A., R. L. Cromwell, and B. W. Peterson. "Mechanisms controlling human head stabilization. II. Head-neck characteristics during random rotations in the vertical plane." Journal of neurophysiology 73.6 (1995): 2302-2312.

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