Strength Testing with Hip Abduction Holds/RaisesFeb 17, 2018
Hip abduction is a movement where our leg moves away from the midline of body or the opposing leg, this movement is produced by our Gluteal muscles (Maximus, Medius and Minimus).
This movement is extremely important in a sporting or dynamic context as knee adduction “associated with increased knee valgus angles during athletic movements” (Cronin. B, Johnson. S, Chang.E, Pollard. C and Norcross. M, 2016).
Decreased Hip Abduction strength or excessive hip adduction has been a cause of issue for people with patellofemoral pain (PFP). With research being perfromed by Ramskov. D et al (2015) they found that “eccentric hip abduction strength that is higher than normal may reduce the risk of PFP” (Ramskov. D, Barton.C, Neilsen. R and Rasmussen. S, 2015).
The single leg abduction exercise when used correctly in a clinical setting can decrease our risk of associated lower limb injuries to the hip, knee or ankle. By performing the activity in a controlled way we can target the eccentric portion as this has been shown to decrease risk to certain injuries as found by Ramskov. D et al (2015).
Some of the highlights from the above articles include:
- “weakness of the gluteus maximus could also directly contribute to reduced control of hip adduction and in turn greater knee valgus motion during athletic movements” (Cronin. B et al, 2016).
- “Weakness of this primary hip abductor could result in greater hip adduction during landing, which in turn can lead to greater frontal plane knee motion” (Cronin. B et al, 2016).
- “gluteus maximus and medius, activate eccentrically to control hip and pelvic motion during weight-bearing activities such as running” (Ramskov. D et al, 2015)
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