Range of Motion: Elbow Extension

range of motion Jul 03, 2023


Testing elbow extension range of motion with an inclinometer typically involves the following steps:

  1. Have the client set up in an upright position - either seated or standing. If adopting a seated position, ensure the client is seated upright toward the edge of the table or chair. 
  2. Place your smart device up and down alongside  the patient/client’s forearm. 
  3. With the humerus aligned with their trunk, instruct the client to extend their elbow as best they can. 
  4. Hit the pause, and then the save button at their maximal position to record and view the results. NB: Aiming for at least 0 degrees of elbow extension.

The normal range of motion for elbow extension is typically between 0 and 10 degrees beyond the neutral position (i.e., when the arm is fully extended and in line with the torso). However, the exact range can vary depending on factors such as age, sex, and individual differences in anatomy and flexibility. Generally, a range of motion of 0 to 145 degrees of elbow flexion and extension is considered normal for adults. If an individual has a range of motion that is significantly outside of this normal range, it may indicate an underlying medical condition or injury that requires further evaluation by a healthcare professional.



  1. Kisner, C., & Colby, L. A. (2007). Therapeutic exercise: foundations and techniques (5th ed.). F. A. Davis Company.
  2. Norkin, C. C., & Levangie, P. K. (2016). Joint Structure and Function: A Comprehensive Analysis (5th ed.). F. A. Davis Company.
  3. Tuckett, J. (2012). Joint range of motion and muscle length testing. In C. Bolgla & J. A. Malone (Eds.), Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy (4th ed., pp. 325-344). Elsevier

Download Our Measurz App For FREE And Perform, Record and Track 500+ Tests With Your Clients Today.

Try Our Measurz App FREE For 30-Days

Want To Improve Your Assessment?

Not Sure If The MAT Data-Driven Approach Is Right For You?

Get a taste of our MAT Course and data-driven approach using the MAT with a FREE module from our online MAT Course.

We hate SPAM. We will never sell your information, for any reason.