Range of Motion: Elbow Flexion

range of motion Jul 03, 2023


To test the elbow flexion range of motion with an inclinometer, follow these steps:

  1. Have the client set up in an upright position - either seated or standing. If adopting a seated position, ensure the client is seated upright toward the edge of the table or chair. 
  2. Place your smart device up and down alongside the patient/client’s forearm. 
  3. Ensuring their humerus aligns with their trunk, instruct the client to flex their elbow, bringing the hand up towards their shoulder as far as they can. 
  4. Press the pause, and then the save button at their maximal position to record and view the results. NB: Aim for 140 degrees of elbow flexion.

The normal range of motion for Elbow Flexion can vary depending on factors such as age, sex, and physical activity levels. However, the average range of motion for healthy adults is generally considered to be at least 140 degrees of flexion.



  1. Kisner C, Colby LA. Therapeutic Exercise: Foundations and Techniques. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company; 2007.
  2. Wright JG, Swiontkowski MF, Heckman JD. Introducing levels of evidence to the journal. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2003;85(1):1-3.
  3. Bohannon RW, Smith MB. Interrater reliability of a modified Ashworth scale of muscle spasticity. Phys Ther. 1987;67(2):206-207.

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